基于Mysql的Sequence实现方法

集体转移新框架。新的事务全部采取新的框架,以致是新的数据库–Mysql。

这边在此之前向来是利用oracle,各个订单号、流水号、批次号啥的,都以一贯利用oracle的sequence提供的数字类别号。以往数据库改换到Mysql了,显明从前的老艺术不能够适用了。

亟待新写贰个:

•布满式场景使用

•满意一定的产出要求

找了有个别相关的素材,发掘mysql那上面的兑现,原理都以一条数据库记录,不断update它的值。然后超越二分之一的贯彻方案,都用到了函数。

贴一下网络的代码:

听他们讲mysql函数实现

表结构

CREATE TABLE `t_sequence` (
`sequence_name` varchar(64) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NOT NULL COMMENT '序列名称' ,
`value` int(11) NULL DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '当前值' ,
PRIMARY KEY (`sequence_name`)
)
ENGINE=InnoDB
DEFAULT CHARACTER SET=utf8 COLLATE=utf8_general_ci
ROW_FORMAT=COMPACT
;

收获下二个值

CREATE DEFINER = `root`@`localhost` FUNCTION `nextval`(sequence_name varchar(64))
 RETURNS int(11)
BEGIN
 declare current integer;
 set current = 0;

 update t_sequence t set t.value = t.value + 1 where t.sequence_name = sequence_name;
 select t.value into current from t_sequence t where t.sequence_name = sequence_name;

 return current;
end;

并发场景有希望会出标题,固然能够在业务层加锁,但分布式场景就不可能保险了,
然后功能应该也不会高。

友好达成贰个,java版

原理:

•读取一条记下,缓存一个数据段,如:0-100,将记录的脚下值从0修改为十0

•数据库乐观锁更新,允许重试

•读取数据从缓存中读取,用完再读取数据库

不废话,上代码:

基于java实现

表结构

每次update,都是将SEQ_VALUE设置为SEQ_VALUE+STEP

CREATE TABLE `t_pub_sequence` (
 `SEQ_NAME` varchar(128) CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL COMMENT '序列名称',
 `SEQ_VALUE` bigint(20) NOT NULL COMMENT '目前序列值',
 `MIN_VALUE` bigint(20) NOT NULL COMMENT '最小值',
 `MAX_VALUE` bigint(20) NOT NULL COMMENT '最大值',
 `STEP` bigint(20) NOT NULL COMMENT '每次取值的数量',
 `TM_CREATE` datetime NOT NULL COMMENT '创建时间',
 `TM_SMP` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ON UPDATE CURRENT_TIMESTAMP COMMENT '修改时间',
 PRIMARY KEY (`SEQ_NAME`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4 COMMENT='流水号生成表';

sequence接口

/**
 * <p></p>
 * @author coderzl
 * @Title MysqlSequence
 * @Description 基于mysql数据库实现的序列
 * @date 2017/6/6 23:03
 */
public interface MysqlSequence {
 /**
  * <p>
  * 获取指定sequence的序列号
  * </p>
  * @param seqName sequence名
  * @return String 序列号
  */
 public String nextVal(String seqName);
}

队列区间

用来地点缓存一段体系,从min到max区间

/**
 * <p></p>
 *
 * @author coderzl
 * @Title SequenceRange
 * @Description 序列区间,用于缓存序列
 * @date 2017/6/6 22:58
 */
 @Data
public class SequenceRange {
 private final long  min;
 private final long  max;
 /** */
 private final AtomicLong value;
 /** 是否超限 */
 private volatile boolean over = false;

 /**
  * 构造.
  *
  * @param min 
  * @param max 
  */
 public SequenceRange(long min, long max) {
  this.min = min;
  this.max = max;
  this.value = new AtomicLong(min);
 }

 /**
  * <p>Gets and increment</p>
  *
  * @return 
  */
 public long getAndIncrement() {
  long currentValue = value.getAndIncrement();
  if (currentValue > max) {
   over = true;
   return -1;
  }

  return currentValue;
 }

} 

BO

对应数据库记录

@Data
public class MysqlSequenceBo {
 /**
  * seq名
  */
 private String seqName;
 /**
  * 当前值
  */
 private Long seqValue;
 /**
  * 最小值
  */
 private Long minValue;
 /**
  * 最大值
  */
 private Long maxValue;
 /**
  * 每次取值的数量
  */
 private Long step;
 /** */
 private Date tmCreate;
 /** */
 private Date tmSmp;

 public boolean validate(){
  //一些简单的校验。如当前值必须在最大最小值之间。step值不能大于max与min的差
  if (StringUtil.isBlank(seqName) || minValue < 0 || maxValue <= 0 || step <= 0 || minValue >= maxValue || maxValue - minValue <= step ||seqValue < minValue || seqValue > maxValue ) {
   return false;
  }
  return true; 
 }
}

DAO

增加和删除改查,其实就用到了改和查

public interface MysqlSequenceDAO {
 /**
 * 
 */
 public int createSequence(MysqlSequenceBo bo);

 public int updSequence(@Param("seqName") String seqName, @Param("oldValue") long oldValue ,@Param("newValue") long newValue);

 public int delSequence(@Param("seqName") String seqName);

 public MysqlSequenceBo getSequence(@Param("seqName") String seqName);

 public List<MysqlSequenceBo> getAll();
}

Mapper

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd" >
<mapper namespace="com.xxxxx.core.sequence.impl.dao.MysqlSequenceDAO" >
 <resultMap id="BaseResultMap" type="com.xxxxx.core.sequence.impl.MysqlSequenceBo" >
  <result column="SEQ_NAME" property="seqName" jdbcType="VARCHAR" />
  <result column="SEQ_VALUE" property="seqValue" jdbcType="BIGINT" />
  <result column="MIN_VALUE" property="minValue" jdbcType="BIGINT" />
  <result column="MAX_VALUE" property="maxValue" jdbcType="BIGINT" />
  <result column="STEP" property="step" jdbcType="BIGINT" />
  <result column="TM_CREATE" property="tmCreate" jdbcType="TIMESTAMP" />
  <result column="TM_SMP" property="tmSmp" jdbcType="TIMESTAMP" />
 </resultMap>
 <delete id="delSequence" parameterType="java.lang.String" >
  delete from t_pub_sequence
  where SEQ_NAME = #{seqName,jdbcType=VARCHAR}
 </delete>
 <insert id="createSequence" parameterType="com.xxxxx.core.sequence.impl.MysqlSequenceBo" >
  insert into t_pub_sequence (SEQ_NAME,SEQ_VALUE,MIN_VALUE,MAX_VALUE,STEP,TM_CREATE)
  values (#{seqName,jdbcType=VARCHAR}, #{seqValue,jdbcType=BIGINT},
  #{minValue,jdbcType=BIGINT}, #{maxValue,jdbcType=BIGINT}, #{step,jdbcType=BIGINT},
  now())
 </insert>
 <update id="updSequence" parameterType="com.xxxxx.core.sequence.impl.MysqlSequenceBo" >
  update t_pub_sequence
  set SEQ_VALUE = #{newValue,jdbcType=BIGINT}
  where SEQ_NAME = #{seqName,jdbcType=VARCHAR} and SEQ_VALUE = #{oldValue,jdbcType=BIGINT}
 </update>

 <select id="getAll" resultMap="BaseResultMap" >
  select SEQ_NAME, SEQ_VALUE, MIN_VALUE, MAX_VALUE, STEP
  from t_pub_sequence
 </select>

 <select id="getSequence" resultMap="BaseResultMap" >
  select SEQ_NAME, SEQ_VALUE, MIN_VALUE, MAX_VALUE, STEP
  from t_pub_sequence
  where SEQ_NAME = #{seqName,jdbcType=VARCHAR}
 </select>
</mapper>

接口达成

@Repository("mysqlSequence")
public class MysqlSequenceImpl implements MysqlSequence{

 @Autowired
 private MysqlSequenceFactory mysqlSequenceFactory;
 /**
  * <p>
  * 获取指定sequence的序列号
  * </p>
  *
  * @param seqName sequence名
  * @return String 序列号
  * @author coderzl
  */
 @Override
 public String nextVal(String seqName) {
  return Objects.toString(mysqlSequenceFactory.getNextVal(seqName));
 }
}

工厂

厂子只做了两件事

•服务运营的时候,初步化数据库中具有sequence【完结体系区间缓存】

•获取sequence的下1个值

@Component
public class MysqlSequenceFactory {

 private final Lock lock = new ReentrantLock();

 /** */
 private Map<String,MysqlSequenceHolder> holderMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();

 @Autowired
 private MysqlSequenceDAO msqlSequenceDAO;
 /** 单个sequence初始化乐观锁更新失败重试次数 */
 @Value("${seq.init.retry:5}")
 private int initRetryNum;
 /** 单个sequence更新序列区间乐观锁更新失败重试次数 */
 @Value("${seq.get.retry:20}")
 private int getRetryNum;

 @PostConstruct
 private void init(){
  //初始化所有sequence
  initAll();
 }


 /**
  * <p> 加载表中所有sequence,完成初始化 </p>
  * @return void
  * @author coderzl
  */
 private void initAll(){
  try {
   lock.lock();
   List<MysqlSequenceBo> boList = msqlSequenceDAO.getAll();
   if (boList == null) {
    throw new IllegalArgumentException("The sequenceRecord is null!");
   }
   for (MysqlSequenceBo bo : boList) {
    MysqlSequenceHolder holder = new MysqlSequenceHolder(msqlSequenceDAO, bo,initRetryNum,getRetryNum);
    holder.init();
    holderMap.put(bo.getSeqName(), holder);
   }
  }finally {
   lock.unlock();
  }
 }


 /**
  * <p> </p>
  * @param seqName
  * @return long
  * @author coderzl
  */
 public long getNextVal(String seqName){
  MysqlSequenceHolder holder = holderMap.get(seqName);
  if (holder == null) {
   try {
    lock.lock();
    holder = holderMap.get(seqName);
    if (holder != null){
     return holder.getNextVal();
    }
    MysqlSequenceBo bo = msqlSequenceDAO.getSequence(seqName);
    holder = new MysqlSequenceHolder(msqlSequenceDAO, bo,initRetryNum,getRetryNum);
    holder.init();
    holderMap.put(seqName, holder);
   }finally {
    lock.unlock();
   }
  }
  return holder.getNextVal();
 }

}

单一sequence的Holder

•init() 开首化 个中囊括参数校验,数据库记录更新,创设连串区间

•getNextVal() 获取下多个值

public class MysqlSequenceHolder {

 private final Lock lock    = new ReentrantLock();

 /** seqName */
 private String seqName;

 /** sequenceDao */
 private MysqlSequenceDAO sequenceDAO;

 private MysqlSequenceBo sequenceBo;
 /** */
 private SequenceRange sequenceRange;
 /** 是否初始化 */
 private volatile boolean  isInitialize  = false;
 /** sequence初始化重试次数 */
 private int initRetryNum;
 /** sequence获取重试次数 */
 private int getRetryNum;

 /**
  * <p> 构造方法 </p>
  * @Title MysqlSequenceHolder
  * @param sequenceDAO 
  * @param sequenceBo
  * @param initRetryNum 初始化时,数据库更新失败后重试次数
  * @param getRetryNum 获取nextVal时,数据库更新失败后重试次数
  * @return
  * @author coderzl
  */
 public MysqlSequenceHolder(MysqlSequenceDAO sequenceDAO, MysqlSequenceBo sequenceBo,int initRetryNum,int getRetryNum) {
  this.sequenceDAO = sequenceDAO;
  this.sequenceBo = sequenceBo;
  this.initRetryNum = initRetryNum;
  this.getRetryNum = getRetryNum;
  if(sequenceBo != null)
   this.seqName = sequenceBo.getSeqName();
 }

 /**
  * <p> 初始化 </p>
  * @Title init
  * @param
  * @return void
  * @author coderzl
  */
 public void init(){
  if (isInitialize == true) {
   throw new SequenceException("[" + seqName + "] the MysqlSequenceHolder has inited");
  }
  if (sequenceDAO == null) {
   throw new SequenceException("[" + seqName + "] the sequenceDao is null");
  }
  if (seqName == null || seqName.trim().length() == 0) {
   throw new SequenceException("[" + seqName + "] the sequenceName is null");
  }
  if (sequenceBo == null) {
   throw new SequenceException("[" + seqName + "] the sequenceBo is null");
  }
  if (!sequenceBo.validate()){
   throw new SequenceException("[" + seqName + "] the sequenceBo validate fail. BO:"+sequenceBo);
  }
  // 初始化该sequence
  try {
   initSequenceRecord(sequenceBo);
  } catch (SequenceException e) {
   throw e;
  }
  isInitialize = true;
 }

 /**
  * <p> 获取下一个序列号 </p>
  * @Title getNextVal
  * @param
  * @return long
  * @author coderzl
  */
 public long getNextVal(){
  if(isInitialize == false){
   throw new SequenceException("[" + seqName + "] the MysqlSequenceHolder not inited");
  }
  if(sequenceRange == null){
   throw new SequenceException("[" + seqName + "] the sequenceRange is null");
  }
  long curValue = sequenceRange.getAndIncrement();

  if(curValue == -1){
   try{
    lock.lock();
    curValue = sequenceRange.getAndIncrement();
    if(curValue != -1){
     return curValue;
    }
    sequenceRange = retryRange();
    curValue = sequenceRange.getAndIncrement();
   }finally {
    lock.unlock();
   }
  }
  return curValue;
 }

 /**
  * <p> 初始化当前这条记录 </p>
  * @Title initSequenceRecord
  * @Description
  * @param sequenceBo
  * @return void
  * @author coderzl
  */
 private void initSequenceRecord(MysqlSequenceBo sequenceBo){
  //在限定次数内,乐观锁更新数据库记录
  for(int i = 1; i < initRetryNum; i++){
   //查询bo
   MysqlSequenceBo curBo = sequenceDAO.getSequence(sequenceBo.getSeqName());
   if(curBo == null){
    throw new SequenceException("[" + seqName + "] the current sequenceBo is null");
   }
   if (!curBo.validate()){
    throw new SequenceException("[" + seqName + "] the current sequenceBo validate fail");
   }
   //改变当前值
   long newValue = curBo.getSeqValue()+curBo.getStep();
   //检查当前值
   if(!checkCurrentValue(newValue,curBo)){
    newValue = resetCurrentValue(curBo);
   }
   int result = sequenceDAO.updSequence(sequenceBo.getSeqName(),curBo.getSeqValue(),newValue);
   if(result > 0){
    sequenceRange = new SequenceRange(curBo.getSeqValue(),newValue - 1);
    curBo.setSeqValue(newValue);
    this.sequenceBo = curBo;
    return;
   }else{
    continue;
   }
  }
  //限定次数内,更新失败,抛出异常
  throw new SequenceException("[" + seqName + "] sequenceBo update error");
 }

 /**
  * <p> 检查新值是否合法 新的当前值是否在最大最小值之间</p>
  * @param curValue
  * @param curBo
  * @return boolean
  * @author coderzl
  */
 private boolean checkCurrentValue(long curValue,MysqlSequenceBo curBo){
  if(curValue > curBo.getMinValue() && curValue <= curBo.getMaxValue()){
   return true;
  }
  return false;
 }

 /**
  * <p> 重置sequence当前值 :当前sequence达到最大值时,重新从最小值开始 </p>
  * @Title resetCurrentValue
  * @param curBo
  * @return long
  * @author coderzl
  */
 private long resetCurrentValue(MysqlSequenceBo curBo){
  return curBo.getMinValue();
 }

 /**
  * <p> 缓存区间使用完毕时,重新读取数据库记录,缓存新序列段 </p>
  * @Title retryRange
  * @param SequenceRange
  * @author coderzl
  */
 private SequenceRange retryRange(){
  for(int i = 1; i < getRetryNum; i++){
   //查询bo
   MysqlSequenceBo curBo = sequenceDAO.getSequence(sequenceBo.getSeqName());
   if(curBo == null){
    throw new SequenceException("[" + seqName + "] the current sequenceBo is null");
   }
   if (!curBo.validate()){
    throw new SequenceException("[" + seqName + "] the current sequenceBo validate fail");
   }
   //改变当前值
   long newValue = curBo.getSeqValue()+curBo.getStep();
   //检查当前值
   if(!checkCurrentValue(newValue,curBo)){
    newValue = resetCurrentValue(curBo);
   }
   int result = sequenceDAO.updSequence(sequenceBo.getSeqName(),curBo.getSeqValue(),newValue);
   if(result > 0){
    sequenceRange = new SequenceRange(curBo.getSeqValue(),newValue - 1);
    curBo.setSeqValue(newValue);
    this.sequenceBo = curBo;
    return sequenceRange;
   }else{
    continue;
   }
  }
  throw new SequenceException("[" + seqName + "] sequenceBo update error");

 }
}

总结

•当服务重启或非常的时候,会丢掉当前服务所缓存且未用完的队列

•布满式场景,四个服务同时开首化,也许另行获得sequence时,乐观锁会保险相互不争论。A服务获取0-9九,B服务会博得100-19九,依此类推

•当该sequence获取较为频繁时,增大step值,能升官品质。但同时服务特别时,损失的行列也较多

•修改数据Currysequence的片段属性值,举个例子step,max等,再下2次从数据库获取时,会启用新的参数

•sequence只是提供了少于个类别号(最多max-min个),达到max后,会循环从头开头。

•由于sequence会循环,所以达到max后,再拿走,就不会唯1。提议采取sequence来做专门的学业流水号时,拼接时间。如:2017061223510一+类别号

工作id拼接方法

@Service
public class JrnGeneratorService {
 private static final String SEQ_NAME = "T_SEQ_TEST";

 /** sequence服务 */
 @Autowired
 private MySqlSequence mySqlSequence;

 public String generateJrn() {
  try {
   String sequence = mySqlSequence.getNextValue(SEQ_NAME);
   sequence = leftPadding(sequence,8);
   Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
   SimpleDateFormat sDateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyyMMddHHmmss");
   String nowdate = sDateFormat.format(calendar.getTime());
   nowdate.substring(4, nowdate.length());
   String jrn = nowdate + sequence + RandomUtil.getFixedLengthRandom(6);//10位时间+8位序列 + 6位随机数=24位流水号
   return jrn;
  } catch (Exception e) {
   //TODO
  }
 }

 private String leftPadding(String seq,int len){
  String res ="";
  String str ="";
  if(seq.length()<len){
   for(int i=0;i<len-seq.length();i++){
    str +="0"; 
   }   
  }
  res =str+seq;
  return res;

 }

}

以上那篇基于Mysql的Sequence完成格局正是小编分享给大家的全体内容了,希望能给大家七个参照他事他说加以考察,也期望大家多多协助脚本之家。

您或者感兴趣的小说:

  • windows下python之mysqldb模块安装情势
  • 在Mac OS
    X中计划Apache+PHP+MySQL运维情况的详细步骤
  • MySQL伍.柒免安装版配置图像和文字化教育程
  • linux完成mysql数据库每一日活动备份定期备份
  • MySQL
    伍.7双主共同部分表的达成进程详解
  • oracle、mysql数据库停止与开发银行的批管理公事
  • 行使PHP访问MySql数据库的逻辑操作以及增加和删除改查的实例疏解
  • MySQL
    curdate()函数的实例详解

相关文章